by Anne Cavicchi
you know that drowning is the second most common cause of death
from injury for children aged 1 to 4 years old? Children under four
are at risk beause they move very quickly but are not always aware
of the dangers around them. As parents, it is our job to minimize
hazzards in and around the home account for about 50% of all toddler
drownings (according to the Canadian Red Cross Water Safety Service).
The peak age for toddler drownings is age 3 for boys and two for
girls. 55% of infant drownings occur in the bathtub, while 30% of
toddler drownings occur in backyard swimming pools.
child can drown in as little as 2 1/2 inches of water. For every
toddler that drowns, six to 10 almost drown. Near drownings can
result in permanent brain damage. Most of these drownings or near
drownings are very preventable.
your home: Empty water from wading pools, buckets, and baths immediately
after useNever leave a baby or young child alone in the bath for
even a moment. Keep toilet lids down too -- better yet, get a toilet
seat lock.Young children must be watched constantly near pools,
drainage ditches, ponds, docks and beaches.Learn first aid, including
rescue breathing (for more info on infant CPR, click here)
under one year of age may enjoy the water, but they really do not
have the physical strength and coordination to swim. When your child
is older, look for swimming instruction that teach a progression
of water skills and safety. Do remember though that swimming lessons
will not 'drown-proof' your child.
home swimming pools create a very big and real hazzard, follow these
steps to minimize the risks: Completely enclose outdoor pools on
all sides. Make sure that the gate is self closing and latching.
Install a pool side telephone and rescue aidsGet trained in first
aid and CPRNever leave your children unattended in or around the
pool, not even for a moment.
tubs and children also don't mix. Ensure that your hot tub is covered
very securly when not in use. In addition to the dangers of drowning,
hot tubs pose other risks to children. The water temperature may
be too high for them to tolerate -- temperatures over 100 degrees
may increase a childs heartrate to dangerous levels.
play can be great fun -- please play safe!